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Jesus’ Last Week & More

Each year I try to follow Jesus’ movements throughout this, his final week.

Especially from Thursday night through Friday, I try to follow closely what Jesus was going through.

This helps me stay close to my best friend in his time of need. I owe him that much.

Sunday Triumphal Entry Mt 21:1-11
Monday Jesus clears the temple Mt 21:12-13
Tuesday Authority challenged in the temple Mt 21:23-27
  Jesus teaches and confronts the Jewish leaders Mt 21:28-23:39
  Greeks ask to see Jesus John 12:20-26
  The Olivet Discourse Mt 24-25
  Mary washes Jesus’ head & feet with perfume Mt 26:6-13**
  Judas agrees to betray Jesus Mt 26:14-16
Wednesday Bible does not address. Probably stayed in Bethany with disciples  
  **Or possibly Mary washes Jesus’s head & feet Mt 26:6-13
Thursday The Last Supper Mt 26:26-29; Mk 14:22-25; Luke 22:14-20
  Jesus speaks to disciples in the Upper Room John 13-17
  Jesus struggles in Gethsemane Mt 26:36-46
  Jesus is arrested Mt 26:47-56
Friday Trial by Jewish and Roman authorities; Denied by Peter Mt 26:57-27:2 & 27:11-31
  Crucified Mt:31-56
Sunday The Resurrection Mt 28:1-10


 Note: Many of the actual times of these events are not recorded in Scripture. The timeline represents an approximate sequence of events.

 6 a.m.   Jesus Stands Trial Before Pilate
(Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-37)

  • Jesus Sent to Herod
    (Luke 23:6-12)

7 a.m. Jesus Returned to Pilate
(Luke 23:11)

  • Jesus is Sentenced to Death
    (Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:23-24; John 19:16)

8 a.m.  Jesus is Led Away to Calvary
(Matthew 27:32-34; Mark 15:21-24; Luke 23:26-31; John 19:16-17)

The Crucifixion

Mark 15: 25It was the third hour when they crucified him. (NIV). The third hour in Jewish time would have been 9 a.m.

Luke 23:34Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (NIV)

  • The Soldiers Cast Lots for Jesus’ Clothing
    (Mark 15:24)
  • m.   Jesus is Insulted and Mocked

Matthew 27:39-40And the people passing by shouted abuse, shaking their heads in mockery. “So! You can destroy the Temple and build it again in three days, can you? Well then, if you are the Son of God, save yourself and come down from the cross!” (NLT)

Mark 15:31The leading priests and teachers of religious law also mocked Jesus. “He saved others,” they scoffed, “but he can’t save himself!” (NLT)

Luke 23:36-37The soldiers mocked him, too, by offering him a drink of sour wine. They called out to him, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” (NLT)

Luke 23:39One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Christ? Save yourself and us!” (NIV)

11 a.m. Jesus and the Criminal

Luke 23:40-43But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”

Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”

Jesus answered him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.” (NIV)

  • Jesus Speaks to Mary and John

John 19:26-27When Jesus saw his mother standing there beside the disciple he loved, he said to her, “Woman, he is your son.” And he said to this disciple, “She is your mother.” And from then on this disciple took her into his home. (NLT)

Noon – “The Sixth Hour”        Darkness Covers the Land

Mark 15:33At the sixth hour darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour. (NLT)

1 p.m.  Jesus Cries Out to the Father

Matthew 27:46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (NKJV)

  • Jesus is Thirsty

John 19:28-29Jesus knew that everything was now finished, and to fulfill the Scriptures he said, “I am thirsty.” A jar of sour wine was sitting there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put it on a hyssop branch, and held it up to his lips. (NLT)

2 p.m.  It is Finished

John 19:30aWhen Jesus had tasted it, he said, “It is finished!” (NLT)

Luke 23:46Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last. (NIV)

3 p.m. – “The Ninth Hour”   Jesus’ body dies

A Chronology of the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus

I. Journey to the Cross

  1. Abuse by soldiers concluded and Jesus re-clothed and forced to carry His cross toward Golgotha [Mt 27:31-32; Mk15:20; Jn 19:17]
  2. Simon of Cyrene forced to carry Jesus’ cross [Lk 23:26; Mk15:21 Mt 27:32]
  3. Jesus preaches to women who follow Him mourning [Lk 23:27-32]
  4. Arrival at Golgotha (“place of the skull”) [Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Lk 23:33]
  5. Jesus refuses the sedating wine [Mt 27:34; Mk 15:23]

II. The First Three Hours of His Crucifixion [9:00 AM – Noon Friday]

  1. Jesus nailed to a cross set between two criminals [Lk 23:33b; Jn 19:18] SAYING: “Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing.” [Lk 23:34]
  2. His clothes divided among Roman soldiers [Mt 27:35-36; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34b; Jn 19:20-23]
  3. Note about Pilate’s tri-lingual sign over cross: “King of the Jews” [Mt 27:37-38; Mk 15:25-28; Lk 23:38; Jn 19:19-22]
  4. Mocking while on the cross: Passersby: “Destroy temple? Save yourself!” RL: “Saved others? Cannot save self! Come down!” Soldiers: “King of Jews? Save yourself! Robbers: “You are the Christ? Save us and you!” [Mt 27:39-44; Mk15:29-32; Lk 23:35-37]
  5. Later repentance and salvation of one robber [Lk 23:39-43] SAYING: “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.”
  6. Care for His mother entrusted to John [Jn 19:25-27] SAYING: “Woman, behold your son! Behold your mother!”

III. The Final Three Hours on the Cross [Noon – 3:00 PM Friday]

  1. Supernatural darkness falls over the land (apparently instills silence into the scene for the three hours) [Mt 27:45; Mk 15:33; Lk 23:44-45]
  2. SAYING (near end of three hours): “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” [Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34]
  3. SAYING: “I am thirsty.” [Jn 19:28]
  4. Jesus drinks sour wine (different from drugged wine offered earlier) [Mt 27:47-49; Mk 15:35-36; Jn 19:29-30]
  5. SAYING: “It is finished.” [Jn 19:30b]
  6. SAYING: (with a loud voice) “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46]
  7. Jesus gives up His spirit and dies. [Mt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46; Jn 19:30c]

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